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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The name(s) of the author(s) are NOT included in the manuscript itself (note that a blind review of the paper is to be done)
  • The submission file is in an editable format e.g. OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


The manuscripts should be submitted in an edittable form e.g. OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, Rich Text Format, etc. Please upload high-resolution copies of all images in your paper to the website as supplementary media files. Short videos are also welcome.

Three referees who have appropriate knowledge of the subject will be appointed for each paper. Our list of reviewers, who are drawn from the international academic and professional engineering community, will be published periodically. Final decisions on papers will be made by the Editorial Board.

The following format is recommended for papers:
Title: The title should be capitalized and be as brief as possible. It should be followed by the author’s name(s) and

Abstract: Each paper should have an abstract, not exceeding about 200 words immediately before the beginning of the paper.

Introduction: This should contain clearly stated objectives, justification for the study and a brief review of literature. Theoretical development: This should be included where appropriate.

Methodology / Experimental Procedure: This should state how major measurements were done and degree of accuracy (if any). Sufficient information should be provided to permit repetition of the experimental work.

Results and Discussions: These should be pertinent to the work done and should clearly indicate the degree of reliability of the results.

Conclusions: These should succinctly summarize any important conclusions emerging from the work.

Acknowledgements: (if any)

Notations: Special symbols defined and used in the text should be indicated.

References: Please use the APA 6th edition for your referencing. In order to avoid mistakes, we strongly recommend that you make use of a referencing tool e.g. Zotero, Mendeley, TeX or the referencing tool in MS Word.


Please Note the following and adhere to them:
Heading and Sub-Heading:
All headings and sub-headings should be numbered. All headings should be written in capital letters (All Caps) and should start at the left margin, while sub-headings should have only the first letter of major words capitalized (Title Case).

Tables: A table should contain enough information to understand it without reference to the text. Tables are to be numbered in Arabic numerals in ascending numerical order as reference is made to them in the text (e.g. Table 2: Taste panel scores for yam flour). They should be placed at the end of the text and should contain no vertical lines. Captions must be placed at the top of the table.

Figures: Illustrations, whether line drawings, graphs or photographs, should be given a figure number by Arabic
numerals in ascending numerical order as reference is first made to them in the text (e.g. Fig. 3). Line drawings should be in Indian ink on tracing paper and only black and white photographs with good contrast are acceptable. Figure captions should be clear, precise and placed below the figure.

Equations: Equations should be distinctly typed or written with subscript or superscripts clearly indicated, preferably using Equation Editors. Avoid powers of “e” and use “exp”. Equations should be centered on the line, numbered consecutively by Arabic numerals in parenthesis at the right margin. In the text, such equations should be cited as Equation (1) etc.

Units: S.I. Units should be used.

Note: Submission of an article implies that the work has never been published, is not being considered for publication elsewhere, and that the authors are completely responsible for the statements made in their articles.

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